AAA Style Guide

AAA publications follow the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, particularly in regard to reference citations, which are summarized below, as well as Wiley style in regard to in-text citations.

In-text citations

  • Place citations in parentheses and include the author’s name and the source’s year of publication, with no intervening punctuation, at the end of a sentence or before a comma or semicolon, whenever possible: (Herzfeld, 2005).
  • Always include page numbers for quotations or extensive paraphrases, using an en dash for page ranges: (Herzfeld, 2005, 146–47). (Note: they are preceded by a comma, not a colon; this is a major change from the AAA Style Guide.)
  • Use semicolons to separate two or more references in a single parenthetical citation and list them alphabetically: (Bessire & Bond, 2014; Comaroff, 1996; Daser, 2014; Foucault, 2000).
  • Do not include “ed.” or “trans.” in citations (and in the case of books that have been reprinted or updated, do not include the original publication year), as this information will be included on the reference list.
  • Use the first author’s last name and et al. for works with three or more authors.

Reference list

  • Do not embed the reference list in the endnotes.
  • Include every source cited in the text and no others, listed alphabetically by author.
  • When including multiple works by the same author, list them chronologically, from oldest to most recent.
  • For works published by the same author in the same year, add a, b, and so on, and list them alphabetically by title.

If you have any questions, comments or concerns please contact our Publications team.